General Tree

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Burki F., Roger A. J., Brown M. W., et al. The new tree of eukaryotes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 2020;35(1):43–55.


Cavalier-Smith T. Early evolution of eukaryote feeding modes, cell structural diversity, and classification of the protozoan phyla Loukozoa, Sulcozoa, and Choanozoa. European Journal of Protistology. 2013. V. 49 (2). P. 115–178.

Strassert J. F. H., Irisarri I., Williams T.A., et al. A molecular timescale for eukaryote evolution with implications for the origin of red algalderived plastids. Nature Communications. 2021;12:1–13.


Tekle Y.I., Wang F., Wood F.C. et al. New insights on the evolutionary relationships between the major lineages of Amoebozoa. Sci. Rep. 2022. V. 12. P. 11173.


Gabaldón T., Völcker E., Torruella G. On the biology, diversity and evolution of nucleariid amoebae (Amorphea, Obazoa, Opisthokonta). Protist. 2022. V. 173 (4). P. 125895.


Cavalier-Smith T. Higher classification and phylogeny of Euglenozoa. Eur J Protistol. 2016. V. 56. P. 250–276.

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Yazaki E., Yabuki A. Imaizumi A. et al. The closest lineage of Archaeplastida is revealed by phylogenomics analyses that include Microheliella maris. Open Biology. 2022.


Zlatogursky V.V., Drachko D., Klimov V. et al. On the phylogenetic position of the genus Raphidocystis (Haptista: Centroplasthelida) with notes on the dimorphism in centrohelid life cycle. Eur. J. Protistology. 2018. V. 64. P. 82–90.


Cavalier-Smith T., Chao E., Lewis R. Multigene phylogeny and cell evolution of chromist infrakingdom Rhizaria: contrasting cell organisation of sister phyla Cercozoa and Retaria. Protoplasma. 2018. V. 255. P. 1517–1574


Muñoz-Gómez S.A., Slamovits C.H. Plastid genomes in the Myzozoa. In: Advances in botanical research,
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Cavalier-Smith T. Kingdom Chromista and its eight phyla: a new synthesis emphasising periplastid protein targeting, cytoskeletal and periplastid evolution, and ancient divergences. Protoplasma. 2017. V. 255 (1). P. 297–357.

Tikhonenkov D.V., Jamy M., Borodina A.S. et al. On the origin of TSAR: morphology, diversity and phylogeny of Telonemia. Open Biol. 2022. V. 2 (3). P. 210325.

Recent Research in Eukaryote Systematics